Hardiman's History of Galway
Chapter 4: From 1484 to the commencement of the Irish Rebellion in 1641
Sir William Pelham arrives in Galway, 1579
From 1484 to the commencement of the Irish Rebellion in 1641
- Wardenship of Galway instituted by the archbishop of Tuam
- Charter of Richard III
- Remarkable instance of inflexible justice
- Passage from Corrib to Lough Atalia; Fortifications built; Great
fire in 1500
- Battle of Knoc-tuadh, 1504
- Improvements to the city: 1505 - 1519
- Disputes between Galway and Limerick
- Prisage of wine claimed; Orders of Henry VIII
- Lord Deputy of Ireland, Leonard Grey
- Charter of Henry VIII and Mercantile bye-laws
- Charters of Edward VI
- The earl of Sussex arrives in Galway
- Sir Henry Sidney
- Mac-an-Earlas, 1572 - 1577
- Charter of Elizabeth, 1579
- Sir William Pelham arrives in Galway, 1579
- Prisage of wines in the town established by the earl of Ormond
- Spanish armada vessel wrecked in the bay, 1588
Sir William Russell, lord deputy,
arrives and investigates the state of the town and province, 1595
- The town beseiged by Hugh Ruadh O'Donnell, 1596
- Licentiousness of the inhabitants of the country
- The chief governor, lord Mountjoy, visits the town, 1600
- Saint Augustine's fort built, 1603
- Charter of James I
- Improvements along quays...
- Viscount Falkland arrives in Galway, 1625
- Meyrick Square
- Sir Thomas Wentworth (afterwards earl of Strafford)
- Concluding observations
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Old map of Galway
On the 7th of November, 1579, the lord justice, Sir William Pelham, arrived
in Galway, accompanied by the earl of Thomond and the Berwick bands. "His
lordship removed into the towne of Galway, twelve mills, verie rockie way,
and full of great loughes. The towne is well bulte, and walled, with an
excellent good haven, and is replenished with many welthie merchants. The
townes-men and wemmen present a more civil show of life than other townes in
Ireland do, and maie be compared, in my judgement, next Dublin and
Watterford, the only towne." kk He was most honorably
received; and, in order to encourage the inhabitants, he confirmed certain
articles. which were in effect as follows:-
The charter of Gallewaie, with new liberties, confirmed.
- First.-"That no writ of subpoena shall be warded out of the chancerie against anie inhabitant
of Gallewaie, until the partie which sueth out the writ, have put in good and sufficient suerties
before the lord chancellor or the maior of Gallewaie to prosecute the same with effect.
- "That no new office or ofiicer be erected in the towne of Gallwaie by anie deputie or
governour, otherwise than as they in times past have been used to do.
- "That the maior, by the advice of foure aldermen, and other foure discrqet men of the
towne, upon good considerations, may grant safe conduct and protection to English rebels and
- "That the merchants of the towne, which shall buie anie wares or merchandize of strange
merchants, shall put in good and sufficient bonds before the maior, that he will well and truly make
paiment unto the said merchant stranger for his debt and dutie.
- "That if anie inhabitant of the towne use anie undecent and unreverent speach to the maior,
that he shall be punished according to the qualities of the fault and offense.
- "That the maior, bailiffes and inhabitants shall inioy, use and exercise all their ancient
liberties, usages and customes.
- "That in all actions tried before the maior, the partie condemned shall paie reasonable
costs, and the said maior shall not take anie fee for anie sentence, called Oleigethe.
- "That no dead bodies shall be interred or buried within the towne and walles of Gallewaie.
- "That when anie strange merchants come to their port and haven, that the same be serched
and viewed for weapons and munitions, and that none above the number of ten persons of the said
ship shall come into the towne.
- "That no stranger be suffered to take the view of the strength of the towne, nor to walk on
- "That the maior, from time to time, doo take the muster and view of all the able men, and of
their furniture and armour.
- "That all unserviceable people in time of service be sent out of the said towne.
- "That sufficient vittels, from time to time, be prepared to serve the towne for ten moneths at
the least before hand.
- "That a store-house be provided alwais in the towne for a staple of vittels to be kept there at
all times. ll
The lord justice, on departing, found it necessary to leave a company of
soldiers behind him, which were commanded by captain Casey; and there being
no barracks to receive them, he was obliged to hire a house for their
accommodation, the rent of which was paid by the queen. These were the first
regular troops ever quartered in Galway.mm
Next: Prisage of wines in the town established by the earl of Ormond
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